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Create and Render Blog Articles in Storyblok and Next.js

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INFO:

On May 13th, 2024, Storyblok started gradually rolling out a new design for its Visual Editor. Therefore, the Visual Editor product screenshots depicted in this resource may not match what you encounter in the Storyblok App. For more information and a detailed reference, please consult this FAQ on the new Visual Editor design.

In this tutorial, we will see how to add and render blog articles to our website. We will also add an Article Teaser component to show all the articles on the blog article overview page along with popular articles in the home story. While building this, we will also take a look at what the resolve_relations parameter of the Content Delivery API is, and how we can resolve relations in Storyblok.

Hint:

If you're in a hurry, you can find the live demo for this tutorial here. Alternatively, you can explore or fork the code from the Next Ultimate Tutorial GitHub Repository.

Section titled Requirements Requirements

This is a part of the Ultimate Tutorial Guide for Next.js. You can find the previous part of the series here, which shows how to create custom components in Storyblok and Next.js. We recommend you that tutorial before starting this one.

Hint:

We will be using the code from the previous tutorial here as a starting point. You can find it here.

Section titled Creating a new Content Type Block for the Blog Articles Creating a new Content Type Block for the Blog Articles

First of all, we need to consider how we would like to manage our blog articles. As of right now, we have just one content type block: the page block for all of our pages. This particular block allows for a lot of flexibility in arranging nested blocks exactly how a content creator might need them in a variety of different use cases. However, when it comes to blog articles, we most likely need less flexibility and more coherency instead. Therefore, we need to consider what a blog article would typically consist of and how that would translate to our selection of Storyblok fields. Let’s go for the following fields:

  • image: field type Asset {1}
  • title: field type Text {2}
  • teaser: field type Textarea {3}
  • content: field type Richtext {4}

Alright, so let’s create our new content type block - let’s call it article:

Creating a new article content block type
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4

Creating a new article content block type

Section titled Managing all Articles from a Dedicated Folder Managing all Articles from a Dedicated Folder

In order to keep everything nice and tidy, Storyblok makes it easy for you to manage all of your content in folders. Let’s create a new folder called Blog to organize all of our blog articles. When creating a new folder, you can even choose to set the default content type, so we can employ article block we just created {1}:

Creating an image field type
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Creating an image field type

Now you can click on the fresh new folder and whenever you create a new story, it will be of the type article by default.

Hint:

We will need to update the Navigation component at this point. Update the Link for Blog to point blog-articles now instead of blog`

Having taken care of the block schema for our articles, we can now move on and create a new nested block called popular-articles. This will be used to choose up to three articles that should be displayed in a preview format. For that block, we need to define the following fields:

  • headline: field type Text {1}
  • articles: field type Multi-Options {2}

Let’s create it:

Creating a new popular articles block in the Block Library
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Creating a new popular articles block in the Block Library

For the articles field, we need to take some additional steps to configure it properly. First of all, we have to select Stories as the Source of our available options {1}. Since it should not be possible to select just any story, we can now take advantage of the Blog folder we set up earlier. Simply set blog/ as a value for Path to folder of stories {2}. Additionally, we should make sure only stories of the content type article are included in the options to choose from {3}. Finally, let’s limit the maximum number of articles that can be selected to 3 {4}.

Configuring the popular articles block in the Block Library
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Configuring the popular articles block in the Block Library

Once you’ve created this block, you can use it anywhere on the Home story (at the root level of the content section in the Storyblok Space) and select up to three of your previously created articles.

Section titled Creating a Nested Block for All Articles Creating a Nested Block for All Articles

This nested block is needed to display previews of all existing articles at once. It is fairly straightforward to set up: all that is needed is a new nested block by the name all-articles with one text field called headline. The logic to retrieve all articles will be implemented in the frontend.

Once created, this block should be added on the Home story in our Blog folder, where it will serve to render an overview of all blog articles.

We will come back to this story for adding all the blog teasers, let's add individual blogs first.

Section titled Adding Blog Articles Adding Blog Articles

Let's now add a block named Article which will be a Content type block. We will use it for Blog Articles. It should have to following fields :

1. title of type text.

2. subtitle of type text.

3. content of type Richtext.

4. image of type asset (image) : similar to the way we added in the previous tutorial.

5.teaser of type textarea.

We now need to add the same in our frontend as well. Create a new file named Article.js in the components folder and add the following code to it.

Article.js
        
      import { render } from 'storyblok-rich-text-react-renderer';

const Article = ({ blok }) => {
  return (
    <section className="text-gray-600 body-font">
      <div className="container mx-auto flex px-5 py-24 items-center justify-center flex-col">
        <img
          className="  md:h-96 w-full mb-10 object-cover object-center rounded"
          alt={blok.image.alt}
          src={blok.image.filename}
        />
        <div className="text-center lg:w-2/3 w-full">
          <h1 className="title-font sm:text-4xl text-3xl mb-4 font-medium text-gray-900">
            {blok.title}
          </h1>
          <h2 className="title-font sm:text-3xl text-2xl mb-4 font-medium text-gray-600">
            {blok.subtitle}
          </h2>
          <div className="mb-8 leading-relaxed text-justify">{render(blok.content)}</div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </section>
  );
};
export default Article;
    

You will also see that we use a library here named storyblok-rich-text-react-renderer. This is because we have a richtext field (content) in a blog article (Article Component). We use this library to render the rich text we are getting in the content field from Storyblok. You simply install it by npm install storyblok-rich-text-react-renderer. You can find more about it here.

Hint:

You will also need to add this component to the components list in _app.js

Now, let's create a few blog articles with this inside the blog folder. While creating a blog story, make sure to select the content type as Article {1}.

Create New Blog
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Create New Blog Article

Blog Article

Blog Article

Hint:

As we will need to show the popular articles on the home story as well as all articles at the blog home, we recommend you create more than 4 blog articles.

Section titled Displaying Article Teasers Displaying Article Teasers

Now, let's take a look at how to show all the article teasers on the Blog Home story. Each blog teaser will be styled as a card to show the details about the blog article along with a link to it.

Create a new component in the components folder named ArticleTeaser. Add the following code to the ArticleTeaser.js file

ArticleTeaser.js
        
      import Link from "next/link";

const ArticleTeaser = ({ article }) => {
return (
  <div className="column feature">
  <div className="p-6">
    <img
      className="object-cover object-center w-full mb-8 lg:h-48 md:h-36 rounded-xl"
      src={article.image.filename}
      alt={blok.image.alt}
    />
    <h2 className="mx-auto mb-8 text-2xl font-semibold leading-none tracking-tighter text-neutral-600 lg:text-3xl">
      {article.title}
    </h2>
    <div className="mx-auto text-base leading-relaxed text-gray-500 line-clamp-2">
      {article.teaser}
    </div>
    <div className="mt-4">
      <Link href={`/blog/${article.slug}`}>
        <a
          className="inline-flex items-center mt-4 font-semibold text-blue-600 lg:mb-0 hover:text-neutral-600"
          title="read more"
        >
          
          Read More »
        </a>
      </Link>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>
)
};
export default ArticleTeaser;
    
Hint:

We have used Tailwind's line clamp plugin to truncate the number of lines for blog descriptions. You can find more about the plugin here.

This teaser component will just be in our front-end, as we will pass the blog article data as props. Now, let's create an all-articles block (Nested block) in Storyblok with only one field named title of type text. We will now add this to the home story inside the blog folder. You can add any title you'd like for the block.

To make this work, let's now create a new component in our Next.js project.

Add the following to the AllArticles.js file :

AllArticles.js
        
      import ArticleTeaser from "./ArticleTeaser";
import { getStoryblokApi, storyblokEditable } from "@storyblok/react";

import { useState, useEffect } from "react";

const AllArticles = ({ blok }) => {
  const [articles, setArticles] = useState([]);
  useEffect(() => {
    const getArticles = async () => {
      const storyblokApi = getStoryblokApi();
      const { data } = await storyblokApi.get(`cdn/stories`, {
        version: "draft", // or 'published'
        starts_with: 'blog/',
        is_startpage: false
      });

      setArticles((prev) => data.stories.map((article) => {
        article.content.slug = article.slug;
        return article;
      }));
    };
    getArticles();
}, []);
  return (
    <>
      <p className="text-3xl">{blok.title}</p>
      <div
        className="grid w-full grid-cols-1 gap-6 mx-auto lg:grid-cols-3   lg:px-24 md:px-16"
        {...storyblokEditable(blok)}
      >
        { articles[0] && articles.map((article) => (
          <ArticleTeaser article={article.content} key={article.uuid} />
        ))}
      </div>
    </>
  );
};
export default AllArticles;

    

Here, we are fetching all the stories from the Blog folder and excluding the Home story. The first parameter starts_with , helps us to get all the stories inside the blog folder. We are also excluding the Blog Home with the second parameter, which is is_startpage . We are setting it to false. The Blog Home is the start page of the blog folder as we made it the root of the folder. Furthermore, we are looping through all the blog articles and rendering the ArticleTeaser component.

Additionally, we are also adding the slug to the content of the blog to use it for the link in ArticleTeaser. Now in our Blog Home, we should see all the article teasers like this.

All Articles

All Articles

Let's now see how we can use all the existing blog articles and reference them in the Home story of our space (root folder). For this, we will need to create a new nested block named popular-articles. It will have just one field named articles. This field should be of the type Multi-Options {1}

Popular Articles Field
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Popular Articles Field

Let's change the Display name to Popular Articles {1} and change the Source to Stories {2}.

Field Settings
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Field Settings

We will also need to set the path of the folder for stories, which will be blog/ {1}. And let's also restrict the content type here to article {2}. Lastly, let's set the maximum number to {3}.

Field Settings
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Field Settings

This will allow us to select 3 blog articles from the list of all the blog articles. Let's go ahead and add it to the Home story. You should see something like this:

Popular Articles Selection

Popular Articles Selection

You can go ahead and select any three articles you'd like from the list of Articles. We won't be able to see anything yet, as we still need to add a component to our frontend. But before that, if you'd take a look at how our draft JSON looks after selecting the blogs, you will see something like this in the articles array.

Draft Json
        
      "articles": [
    "8c9877f0-6ef5-4cd0-9f7d-abc88ceaab14",
    "aafc0ccb-0339-4545-b7dd-6a5879ffa059",
    "81c1f9f8-fdb8-4e3b-ab7e-56648adb51ac"
],
    
Hint:

You can see the draft or published JSON simply by clicking the dropdown button next to the publish button and selecting the option. You can even check the page history from there.

This is the array containing the _uids of the selected articles. HAt this point, the API parameter resolve_relations comes into play, helping you resolve the relations based upon these _uids. It will allow us the get all the content for these blogs. If you are seeing the JSON from the URL you get after clicking the dropdown button next to the publish button, try appending &resolve_relations=popular-articles.articles to the URL.

The complete URL should look something like this:

https://api.storyblok.com/v2/cdn/stories/home?version=draft&token=UatY9FBAFasWsdHl7UZJgwtt&cv=1655906161&resolve_relations=popular-articles.articles

Now, you will see a key rels in the JSON which gives you the content for all the blogs you selected.

We need this functionality in our frontend. To do that, let's go the index.js file and add resolve relations to the Storyblok parameters which we are using while fetching the data with the storyblokApi. Update the params as follows:

index.js
        
      let sbParams = {
    version: "draft", // or 'published',
    resolve_relations: ["popular-articles.articles"],
  };
    

This will automatically resolve the relations when it sees the array of articles inside the popular_articles. Let's now add the PopularArticle component to our Next.js project. Create a file named PopularArticle.js and the following code to it:

PopularArticles.js
        
      import ArticleTeaser from "./ArticleTeaser";
import { storyblokEditable } from "@storyblok/react";

const PopularArtices = ({ blok }) => {
  return (
    <>
      <h2 className="text-3xl">{blok.headline}</h2>
      <div
        className="grid w-full grid-cols-1 gap-6 mx-auto lg:grid-cols-3   lg:px-24 md:px-16"
        {...storyblokEditable(blok)}
      >
        {blok.articles.map((article) => {
          article.content.slug = article.slug
          return (
            <ArticleTeaser article={article.content} key={article.uuid} />
          )
        })}
      </div>
    </>
  );
};
export default PopularArtices;
    

After hitting save, our website should now have the Teaser cards for the popular articles as well and should look like this:

Home Story

Home Story

However, you will see that if you now try to select or deselect any article from the list of popular articles, you will get an error and it won't work correctly. You won't be able to see the live changes unless you hit save. This is because we still need to resolve the relations for the Storyblok Bridge, and this is the last thing we need to do.

Again in the index.js file, let's pass another argument to the useStoryblokState for resolving relations. The code should now be:

index.js
        
      story = useStoryblokState(story, {
    resolveRelations: ["popular-articles.articles"],
});
    

And that's it! Now you can play with article teasers here as well and it will show you the live edits in real-time.

Section titled Wrapping Up Wrapping Up

In this tutorial, you saw how to create and render blog articles with Storyblok and Next.js. You also saw how to resolve relations when referencing stories in other stories.

Next Part:

In the next part of this series, we will see how to manage multilingual content in Storyblok and Next.js. You can find it here.

Author

Chakit Arora

Chakit Arora

Chakit is a Full Stack Developer based in India, he is passionate about the web and likes to be involved in the community. He is a Twitter space host, who likes to talk and write about technology. He is always excited to try out new technologies and frameworks. He works as a Developer Relations Engineer at Storyblok.